11 October, 2009

How to post on a blog when you have no ideas

Well first of all the instant that you don’t have a topic to post on your blog is the most beneficial moment in a bloggers life as far I know because at that moment when you start writing just in the post there is like a flow of ideas popping into your head. What to do when this happens to you ??? for one thing …. Get a notepad and write all those ideas down cause they are something that your own mind created and hence they are unique. Like rightnow … would you believe I ran out of ideas to post today so I just started typing and all of a sudden a unique post was created that comprises of my own words, phrases, ideas and even mistakes. That’s what counts when you want to make a totally original blog :)

Ok so now that you got all your ideas in front of you in your notepad, just go through them and look at which topics that you can post on easily, (This is important so pay attention) the ideas on which you can post easily?? Just cut them off… Yeh you read correctly … cut them off … that’s cause the easy one’s are always the one’s that many others have written on also. The one’s that you may find difficult on your list are the one’s you should concentrate on. Select one topic from the hard one’s that you think you can blog on ( now don’t start a blog just yet okay !!! ).

What you wanna do at this moment is just get on the net and get all the information you can get on that topic, print the info… yes print it cause keeping bookmarks is not that efficient when you wanna make an original blog… cause reading from papers gives you more time to concentrate on a subject and hence it gives you more ideas :)

Ok now that you have done all the research, the head spinning ideas searching thing., now its time for the real thing ??? whats that ??? Well Dah ! Blogging :) Now what you wanna do is choose a good URL Link for you site or blog this is important cause the topic of your blog should be in it cause it depends on people to get to your blog … what this is about that is when people search for like blog ideas there are hundreds even thousands of pages out there that give you results but we wanna attract those people direct to your blog by getting on the top list of search results :) that’s done by marketing and posting unique posts :)

After you have decided on a Url, now comes the Topic !!! This is what your blog is about so be frank and explain it in your own words :)

Now comes the post :) this is totally upto you cause I can’t tell you what to post and what not to post :) just make sure that you mention the topic of your blog in all your posts and be original … don’t copy and paste stuff from somewhere else ok !!!

Include a picture??? You may think … is it really important??? well yeh it is actually .. 40% of all searches done on yahoo, msn and google are image posts :) so be sure to include 1 :) and make it an original like edit it in paint or adobe and write your name and link at the bottom on the image to make it your property :)

Now its time to preview your post :) make sure it looks homely and simple to attract people :) and Publish :)

Now what ??? Now your Done …

Post a minimum of one original post everyday this ensures that your blog link will be included in search engines and that your blog is upto date also :)

Now all I can say is Best of luck :) And if you Like this Post and wish to copy paste … then please link back to this blog so I can get some credit also cause as you know :) the universe revolves around itself sooner or later and the more you help it out the better it works out for you :)

Bye and Best of Luck :)

08 October, 2009

How to clear web browser's cache and cookies?

Internet Explorer 8

  1. From the Safety menu in the upper right, click Delete Browsing History... .

  2. Check Temporary Internet files, Cookies, and History, and then click Delete.

Internet Explorer 7

  1. From the Tools menu in the upper right, select Delete Browsing History.

  2. Next to "Temporary Internet Files", click Delete files... .

    To delete your cookies, click Delete Cookies.

  3. Click Close, and then click OK to exit.

Firefox 3.5 for Windows

  1. From the Tools menu, select Clear Recent History... .

  2. From the Time range to clear: drop-down menu, select the desired range; to clear your entire cache, select Everything.

  3. Click the down arrow next to "Details" to choose what history elements to clear (e.g., check Cookies to clear cookies). Click Clear Now.

Firefox 3 for Windows

From the Tools menu, select Clear Private Data... , and then check Cache and Cookies. Click Clear Private Data Now.


  1. From the Safari menu, select Empty Cache... and Cookies... .

  2. When prompted, click Empty to confirm that you want to empty the cache.

Firefox 3.5 for Mac OS X

  1. From the Tools menu, select Clear Recent History... .

  2. From the Time range to clear: drop-down menu, select the desired range; to clear your entire cache, select Everything.

  3. Click the down arrow next to "Details" to choose what history elements to clear. Click Clear Now.

Firefox 3 for Mac OS X

  1. In Firefox, from the Tools menu, select Clear Private Data.

  2. Make sure Cache and Cookies are checked, and then click Clear Private Data Now.

05 October, 2009

How to use WLAN on Nokia E61

The use of the WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) function on the Nokia E61 allow speeds of up to one (1Mb) Megabit per second as you can connect via your broadband router.

The main issue is that you set need to setup security on you Nokia E61. Both types of security WEP and WPA are supported. You will need to set the encryption key manually on your broadband router, which may mean changing the encryption on PC's that are automatically set up like the broadband router supplied in Windows XP.

Setting up Nokia E61 mobile phone to access via WLAN

Navigating to Connection screen

Click the Menu button
Move the pointer to Tools, Click the button
In the new screen, move pointer to Settings icon
Move down to Connection, Click the button
Move to Access points, Click the button

Click the left button displaying "Options"
From the pop up box and downward button
Select "New access point" from the list
Move button pointer right and Select "Use default settings"

Encryption codes

This code is kept very simple and should be a mixture of numbers hexadecimal . This must match the encryption type and the WEP key on the router.

Setting up Connection screen

The security connection will be (WEP) Wireless Encryption Protocol with the simple key of "0101010101", (10 characters) using 64bit Hexadecimal. This is a very simple key and not recommended for serious strength (because its used in this example).

Whatever the key you MUST keep it safe or people will be able to break into your network.

Click "Connection Name". Set the name "WepNokiaE61". Press left button "Ok".
Move down to "Data Bearer" , Click the button
Select "Wireless LAN" from the list, Press left button "Ok".
Move down to "WLAN netw. name" , Click the button.
Select the "Search for netw" Press left button "Ok".
The pop up says "Searching for WLAN networks"
The pop up now says "Select the WLAN netw"
If you cannot see any networks move nearer to the Wireless LAN router.
Leave the "Network status" as "Public"
Move down to "WLAN netw. mode" , Click the button to select "Infrastructure".
Move down to "WLAN security mode" , Click the button.
Select "WEP" from the list, Press left button "Ok".
Move down to "WLAN security settings" , Click the button.
Select "WEP key in use" from the list, and Click the button.
Select the "#1", Press left button "Ok".
Select "Back"
Leave the "Authentication type" to "Open"
Move down to "WEP key settings" , Click the button.
Select "WEP encryption", Select 64 bits Press left button "Ok".
Move down to "WEP key format" , Click the button.
Select "Hexadecimal" from the list, Press left button "Ok".
Move down to "WEP key" , Click the button.
Select enter simple key of "0101010101", (10 characters),
Press left button "Ok".
Hint: by pressing function key twice lock the keypad in numeric

Click the left button and select exit to get back to Menu and go back to and to test the connection.


To find all near local WLAN.

 Move to "Connect" icon. Click button.
Select "Conn. Mgr" Click button.
Select "Availab. WLAN", Click button.
This displays all available WLAN networks.
Select a network. Click "Options". Select "Details". Click "Select".
The strength of signal is now displayed.
Moving the joystick right will scroll the various WLAN devices.

Source: Nokia

How to usa WLAN on BlackBerry 7270

The BlackBerry Enterprise Solution™ offers on-premises or facility-based workers wireless email, data and Session Initiated Protocol (SIP)-based IP telephony via 802.11b Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs).* Mobilize on-premises workers

The new BlackBerry 7270 Wireless Handheld™ works with BlackBerry Enterprise Server™ v4.0 or higher and 802.11b infrastructure, allowing on-premises workers to enhance their productivity, efficiency and flexibility. Users can move freely throughout their organization's WLAN using SIP-based IP telephony and wireless access to email, browser and organizer applications.

BlackBerry over WLAN requirements

To enable the BlackBerry® Enterprise Solution over WLAN, organizations require:

  • BlackBerry Enterprise Server v4.0 or higher
  • BlackBerry 7270 Wireless Handhelds
  • IEEE 802.11b compatible WLAN
  • SIP enabled PBX or SIP server and/or gateway
    (required for SIP-based telephony)

Deliver BlackBerry benefits to a wider user-base

Using the BlackBerry Enterprise Solution over WLAN helps organizations deliver workflow enhancements to employees who require on-premises mobility.

  • Engineers can stay connected to phone and email while roaming from office to plant floor
  • Shift supervisors can wirelessly access intranet information to handle staffing issues
  • Facilities workers can order parts and clear trouble tickets from locations throughout the organization
  • Purchasing agents can place or receive phone calls while on the go and email orders to suppliers from on-site locations
  • Project managers can set up meetings from locations throughout the office campus

The BlackBerry Enterprise Solution over WLAN is a cost-effective way to allow organizations to provide on-premises workers with wireless access to important communications and information using a BlackBerry 7270™ handheld.

Source: BlackBerry

01 October, 2009

How to Buy an All-Purpose Laptop

Looking for good value in a notebook? Here's our all-purpose laptop buying guide for the average Joe.

As an average Joe, you don't demand the fastest machine around, and you certainly don't care about every single bell or whistle that many pricey laptops offer. You need a laptop that offers good value, one that has a couple of key features -- and if it can provide a little extra, so much the better.

You require something portable enough to let you take work on the road, and maybe entertain the kids with a movie. Perhaps it can enable you to play a few casual games in your off hours, and, of course, surf the Web, compose e-mail and juggle Office documents.


Most all-purpose laptops these days offer decent performance. You won't need to expend much effort to find a notebook that can deliver decent video playback and run your office applications at a reasonable clip. Heck, you might even be able to sneak in a bit of casual gaming on the sly.

As for which CPUs to consider -- whether AMD or Intel -- you don't have to lay out a fortune. An Intel Core 2 Duo T6400 Mobile CPU, for example, is plenty for handling Windows Vista's everyday chores. AMD's 2.3GHz Turion X2 Ultra Dual-Core Mobile ZM-84 CPU, also available in value-priced all-purpose portables, doesn't run quite as quickly, but it delivers just enough gusto for a slightly lower price than Intel products.

System memory

The cheapest and best way to get a quick performance boost in any computer is to load up on the RAM. Most machines offer at least 2GB of RAM these days. (One warning: The 32-bit versions of Windows Vista support only about 3GB of RAM; if you plan on ever going higher in your laptop, make sure that you buy a 64-bit version of Vista.) The safe bet is to upgrade memory from the get-go: If you're having your laptop built to order, add RAM then. Upgrading to 3GB or 4GB may seem like overkill initially, but if you want to hang on to the laptop for a while, that extra memory will keep your system motoring longer.

Graphics board (aka GPU)

The GPU can make or break your experience on a laptop, yet this is the first thing the manufacturer will give short shrift to in order to achieve a lower price. At the very least, go for a notebook that offers a discrete graphics board option, even if you're not completely convinced that you'll need it. A GPU can affect the system's performance in ways you may never have considered, so don't dismiss discrete graphics as being a necessity only for gamers. Maybe you want to watch a movie in glorious 720p on the notebook's expansive screen. Or perhaps you'll find yourself charmed by Vista's Aero environment -- all of that eye candy gets a big boost from a graphics processor.

Screen size and native resolution

If you're buying a laptop for general-purpose use, the sweet spot for screen size ranges from 13 to 16 inches, depending on your specific needs. But in considering such sizes, many shoppers fail to take into account the display's native resolution, which is typically too low and can make for some hard-to-read text. It's a personal-preference thing, but I'm partial to laptops with 14-inch screens. That size is just roomy enough to accommodate video well, yet it still makes for a machine that's easy to transport.

If video is your thing, try to steer toward a laptop that offers resolutions capable of wide-screen 720p video. (Hint: If the screen has a resolution above 1280 by 720, it could technically give you a 720p picture, so long as the laptop has the horsepower. For example, the Samsung R610, which has a 1366-by-768-pixel resolution, can handle the job.) Most notebook screens should be able to do that now, but you also need to consider whether the laptop's graphics processor is capable of producing the optimal picture (see above).

Battery life

First, ask yourself how much travel time you'll need with your laptop. On average, an all-purpose notebook will last about 3.5 to four hours on a single charge. If you don't expect to go mobile often, don't bother with a big battery. If you'll be bringing your machine on the road regularly, start looking at higher-capacity batteries for the next long haul. And don't trust vendors' battery-life specs -- many of them quote times for their laptops configured with higher-capacity batteries and with many of the notebook's features turned off (dimming the screen brightness to nothingness and shutting off Wi-Fi, for instance).

Want the straight scoop? Check out our WorldBench 6 test results for laptops (start at our Top 10 All-Purpose Laptops chart). We use a bunch of real-world programs in real-world situations, and we run the notebooks into the ground.

Optical drive

These days, almost every laptop packs a DVD burner -- and many of them offer LightScribe technology for inscribing images or labels on top of specially coated discs. For enjoying high-definition flicks, Blu-ray Disc is the format of choice. Most laptops come standard with a DVD-RW drive, but BD-ROM drives are slowly creeping into all-purpose laptops, too. Of course, adding a BD-ROM drive often means tacking a few extra bucks onto the price tag.


Most all-purpose machines offer three or four USB ports, an SD/Memory Stick flash card reader, a webcam, headphone jacks, VGA ports and Ethernet jacks. And without exception, such notebooks also have at least 802.11g wireless (802.11n should be ubiquitous within the next few months).

Extra features

For the near future, you'll want to have HDMI-out (for high-definition video) and eSATA (for high-speed data transfers). Another addition that notebook makers are including more often as time goes by is a hybrid USB/eSATA port. We're also seeing some all-purpose models with a pass-through charging port, which allows you to charge a USB-powered device through the laptop -- even when it isn't on.

Our all-purpose laptop picks

Selecting one laptop that's perfect for everyday use is a bit tricky, but the Gateway UC7807u hits most of the basic needs for less than $800. It might not be the fastest thoroughbred in the stable (it earned a mark of only 80 in WorldBench 6 tests), but it is fast enough to finish the race -- while carrying a host of features. Gateway manages to cram in both HDMI and VGA video outputs, three USB 2.0 ports, an ExpressCard slot, a flash-card reader, Ethernet, Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n) and Bluetooth. The machine also provides a slot-fed DVD burner and a 5,400-rpm, 320GB hard drive. The UC7807u does have several drawbacks: For one thing, it stumbles in the stamina department, lasting only 3.5 hours in our battery-life tests. This Gateway is also fairly heavy (5.3 pounds) for an all-purpose model with a small screen.

Another all-purpose alternative is the $800 HP Pavilion dv3, which lasted about two hours longer than the Gateway UC7807u did in our battery tests and offers eSATA ports and other great options in a lightweight frame. Unfortunately, the dv3 scored a measly 64 in WorldBench 6. If you're looking for a bigger screen, consider the Dell Studio XPS 16. Its hardy construction and sweet-looking 16-inch screen will grab your attention. Of course, with that high-end display, it will also grab your wallet -- our review unit would set you back about $1,800.

Illustrations by Joe Ciardielo.

Source: MSN,
By Darren Gladstone, PC World

Google Expert Tips: How to Find Anything Fast

Google catalogs an immense amount of data from all over the Web. These tools will help you find and organize just what you want, just how you want it.

The nice people at Google have invented multiple ways to make their core product -- Internet search -- even better. The tips and tricks below will help you improve the precision of the search results Google provides -- and use far fewer keystrokes to get them.

Get to know search operators: Google made its name by delivering powerful search results in response to queries of any level of sophistication, but learning to use Google's search operators can really hone your Google-fu. The Google Help Cheat Sheet rounds up some of the finest, such as define: (for quick dictionary lookups), site: (to return results from a specific Web site) and OR (as in "pc OR world").

Convert nearly any measurement: Aside from working as a simple calculator, Google is also a great tool for converting units of measure. Need to know how many ounces are in a cup? Enter ounces in a cup in Google. Or try something exotic, like how many furlongs are in a league. Google can handle it.

Narrow down your results: Usually you can find what you're looking for on the first page of Google results, but if you need something very specific -- say, a page that was published in the last 24 hours -- click the new Show Options link above your search results. Among other features available is the interactive Wonder Wheel, a spidering graphical representation of queries related to yours.

Navigate results from your keyboard: Google's Experimental Search page is full of fun experiments from the search giant. One of the best is the Keyboard shortcuts experiment, which adds Gmail-like keyboard shortcuts to Google search results; for example, pressing "j" or "k" moves you up or down, respectively, between results.

Find killer desktop wallpaper: Google Image Search is a familiar go-to resource for users seeking new wallpaper, but finding wallpaper that fits your desktop is much easier than you may realize. Go to the Google Advanced Image Search page and click the Use my desktop size link to automatically search for images that exactly fit your desktop dimensions.

Square your results: If you're a hard-core data nerd, give Google Squared a try. This new search tool returns results as structured data in a spreadsheet to help you get a bird's-eye view of the data contained in the results. Search for "DSLR cameras," for example, to compare and contrast prices and resolutions for digital SLRs.

Developer's choice: Quick local searches

"I'm really happy with how easy it is to use local search on Google. Just search for the kind of store you want -- restaurants, for example. We guess your location and show restaurants near you. It's one of my favorite of our lesser-known search tips: www.google.com/landing/searchtips."

-- Jim Muller, Google software engineer

Source: MSN, By Adam Pash, PC World

8 Web Sites That Will Save You Cash

Online services like WishRadar, RetailMeNot and DealLocker can help you find bargains -- and one site will even pay you for searching.

Regular Internet shoppers know the advantages of e-tailing: lower prices, larger selection and the chance to shop in their skivvies. But there are some categories where savings are really pronounced, and if you're not signed up for deal newsletters, or checking for coupons before authorizing a transaction, you might be missing out on even more savings. (Note: Most quoted prices are rounded to the nearest dollar.)

Buy a refurbished laptop or other piece of hardware:
In the market for a new laptop? Maybe one of those spiffy Dell XPS M1530 systems tricked out for entertainment? They start at around $949, but if you're willing to go the refurbished route, you can pick one up for as little as $729. That's the price I found in Dell's Outlet Store (shown below), which is home to all of Dell's desktop and laptop refurbs.

Refurbished items are those that didn't pass a manufacturer's initial quality checks or that were returned for some reason. In both cases, the hardware gets rechecked (and, if necessary, repaired) and restocked, though it can't be sold as new. Hence the often-hefty discounts.
What's the downside? The gear may have dents, scratches, and/or other physical flaws, though nothing that will impact its operation. Also, it usually comes with a shorter-than-average warranty (90 days is typical). Apple is an exception: Refurbished iPods, iMacs and the like come with the same one-year warranty as new items. Same goes for Dell.

For more advice about refurbished laptops, check out the advice from our mobile computing guru, Jim Martin. Interested in a used phone? Here's the scoop.
HP, Lenovo and others sell refurbished PCs directly from their online stores; you can find refurb Blu-ray players, universal remotes, GPS receivers and other electronics at sites like Buy.com, eCost and Newegg. Estimated savings: $220 on a Dell XPS M1530.

Wait for savings to come to you: The Web is awash in discounts, promotions and other ways to save money. For example, WishRadar will notify you via e-mail when the price on one of your Amazon wish-list items drops to where you want it. (Come on, $10 for "Arrested Development" Season 3 on DVD!) Price-comparison site PriceGrabber offers a similar tool: Add any product to your personal shopping list, then set a "target price alert." PriceGrabber will notify you when the item hits that price. (Full disclosure: PriceGrabber powers PCWorld's Shop and Compare feature.)

If you routinely shop at the same stores, sign up for their e-mail newsletters. Borders, CompUSA and eReader are among the e-tailers that offer exclusive discounts to subscribers. Estimated savings: $100 per year based on my shopping habits.

Clip some online coupons: Ever get to the checkout page at an online store and wish you had a juicy discount code? Why not spend a few minutes searching for one? Just pop open a new browser tab and search for the name of the store and the words "coupon code" (or "discount code" or "promotion code"). Or head straight to a code-collecting site like DealLocker or RetailMeNot and look for the latest offers for your store. You may come up empty, but you could also land a code that saves you 10 percent or nets you free shipping. It works about half the time for me, making the search well-worth the effort. Estimated savings: $50 per year based on my shopping habits.

Save on shipping: Speaking of shipping, head to Free Shipping On... to search Amazon and eBay for items that include -- wait for it -- free shipping. You'll also find free-shipping coupons for stores like Best Buy and Staples. Or get an alphabetical list of all the Web's current free-shipping deals at DealTaker.com. Estimated savings: $60 per year based on my shopping habits.

Search (Live) for savings: Microsoft has come up with an incentive program to encourage you to use Live Search (shown above) for your shopping. Just search for the product you want, then compare prices from participating stores. When you make a purchase, Microsoft will give you back a percentage (which varies, depending on the store) in cold, hard cash. Estimated savings: A few bucks here and there.

Source: MSN, By Rick Broida, PC World

4 Ways to Save Money on Software

Think you need a Kindle or Quicken? Think again. These handy pieces of software can fill in for much more expensive alternatives.

Regular PCWorld.com visitors know that for just about every pricey software application or operating system, a freeware or open-source alternative can be found. For example, OpenOffice is often mentioned as a no-cost alternative to Microsoft Office. GIMP and Paint.NET can fill in for Photoshop. And for some advanced users, Linux is considered to be a viable option for Windows.

But here are some lesser-known stars of the free-software universe. In some cases they can even take the place of expensive hardware.

Burn CDs and DVDs: If all you want to do is whip together a mix CD or archive some video files onto a DVD, pricey disc-authoring programs like Nero and Easy Media Creator are probably overkill. Instead, try InfraRecorder, which uses a simple Explorer-style interface to help you burn, baby, burn.
Like its commercial counterparts, InfraRecorder can author all kinds of discs, from data to audio to video. It can also make copies of unprotected discs and burn ISO image files to create bootable CDs and DVDs. Because it's open-source, InfraRecorder does all that without burning any of your cash.

Estimated savings: $100.
Manage your money without spending any: The irony of using Quicken or Microsoft Money to manage your finances is that they both cost money to purchase. If you need a free option, there's an open-source alternative: Gnucash. It manages personal and small-business accounts, creates detailed report graphs, categorizes your cash flow and pulls stock quotes from the Web.
Gnucash can import QIF files from Quicken, and it even has online-banking features so you can reconcile your credit-card and bank statements without entering the data manually. Best of all, Gnucash doesn't "sunset" after two or three years like Quicken and Money. In other words, you won't suddenly find yourself forced to upgrade if you want continued online services and support.
Speaking of online services, if you're comfortable going with a Web-based approach instead of a desktop app, be sure to check out the latest crop of Web-based personal finance apps. Services such as Mint.com, Rudder, Thrive and even Intuit's formerly fee-based Quicken Online are free -- and do a great job of helping you track your various online banking, credit-card, loan and investment accounts. Estimated savings: $20 to $70 per year if you routinely buy the newest version of Quicken or Money.

Read e-books without a Kindle: Much as I love e-books, I'm not a fan of Amazon's Kindle. Why shell out $359 on a bulky, ungainly piece of single-purpose hardware when I can use the hardware I'm already carrying? I'm talking PDAs and smartphones, which I can pack with mainstream fiction and nonfiction titles from services like Fictionwise, eReader (which is powered by Fictionwise) and Mobipocket. Sure, the screens on phones are small, but they're also backlit -- great for reading in bed. iPhone users can even download new books on the fly, no PC required, using the free eReader and Stanza apps. Estimated savings: $359.
Create diagrams online: Need diagrams, but don't have the cash for the widely-used Microsoft Visio program? You could shell out $559 for Microsoft Visio 2007 Professional, $259 for Visio 2007 Standard, or zero for Gliffy. While Gliffy lacks some of Visio's high-end features, the impressive Web-based diagramming tool lets you build flow charts, floor plans and just about any other kind of drawing you want. You can add colors, drop shadows and even gradient fills to your shapes, and collaborate on drawings with other users. All this without a single thing to install or a single dollar spent. Of course, you may want to consider an ad-free Premium account ($5/month), which adds e-mail support and security features, but even in its free form, Gliffy is spiffy. Estimated savings: $259 to $559.

Source: Msn, By Rick Broida, PC World

26 September, 2009

The 11 Most Influential Microprocessors of All Time

From the brains of the Voyager space mission to the inspiration for modern CPUs, here are the chips that built our modern technological culture.

The 11 Most Influential Microprocessors of All Time

The 11 Most Influential Microprocessors of All Time (Image courtesy of PC World)

Chips That Made a Difference
Microprocessors are wondrous devices: They integrate the brain of a computer onto a single electronic component. The computing power that once required a room full of equipment now fits onto a razor-thin slice of silicon, usually no larger than a centimeter square. Almost everything we do these days -- such as cooking our food, driving our cars, doing our laundry and, of course, reading articles just like this one -- depends on these mighty mites.

In the wide field of microprocessors, some chips have stood out for the influence they've had technologically, culturally and economically. They aren't necessarily the most successful, the best-selling or the most powerful, but they each started an important and persistent trend -- an architecture, a marketing concept or a whole new use for computing.

11. Intel Pentium (1993)

Breakthrough application: Brand-name processors

After a court rejected trademarking "386" in a 1991 ruling, Intel realized that it would need to move beyond mere numbers in naming its eagerly awaited new processor, which had been known as the 586. So the processor giant devised a unique, easy-to-trademark identity: Pentium.

Initially, critics ridiculed the name, but in fact the Pentium opened a new era in consumer-microprocessor marketing. No longer were CPUs referred to solely by numbers such as 286, 386 and 486; instead they carried a brand name that resonated in the public consciousness.

That brand gave Intel processors a certain cachet that computer owners could easily brag about. Rival manufacturers could no longer produce clones and call them "486" or the like -- a chip was either a real Pentium or a knock-off. The trademarked CPU became a status symbol, and it remains so today.

10. Motorola 68000 (1980)
Breakthrough application: Apple Macintosh (1984)

When Motorola released the 68000 in 1980, it was one of the most powerful chips on the market. Initially the 68000 powered Unix workstations and servers, including the Sun-1. But the hybrid 16/32-bit processor didn't make huge waves in the personal-computer world until Apple incorporated it in 1984's Macintosh. Descendants of the 68000 powered all Macintosh computers until Apple switched to PowerPC chips in the late 1990s.

After Motorola dropped the 68000’s price in the mid-1980s, the processor also saw significant use in the Atari ST and Amiga computer lines, the Sega Genesis video game console and arcade machines. The 68K core still lives on in embedded microcontrollers used in various applications such as automotive-engine controllers, front-panel displays and weather-monitoring instruments.

9. AIM PowerPC 601 (1992)
Breakthrough application: Apple Power Macintosh 6100 (1994)

PowerPC sprang out of an unnatural and unholy alliance among three fierce competitors: Apple, IBM and Motorola. The tech giants threw their weight behind this new microprocessor architecture in hopes of breaking the stranglehold that Intel and Microsoft had over the personal-computer market.

Although it didn't vanquish Intel, PowerPC found a niche as the heart of the Apple Macintosh (a runner-up in our list of The 25 Greatest PCs of All Time), which used versions of the CPU from 1994 to 2006. The processor also found acceptance outside of PCs, powering several generations of game consoles, including the Nintendo Wii and the Microsoft Xbox 360. It’s also a component of the Sony PlayStation 3's Cell processor.

9. AIM PowerPC 601 (1992)
Breakthrough application: Apple Power Macintosh 6100 (1994)

PowerPC sprang out of an unnatural and unholy alliance among three fierce competitors: Apple, IBM and Motorola. The tech giants threw their weight behind this new microprocessor architecture in hopes of breaking the stranglehold that Intel and Microsoft had over the personal-computer market.

Although it didn't vanquish Intel, PowerPC found a niche as the heart of the Apple Macintosh (a runner-up in our list of The 25 Greatest PCs of All Time), which used versions of the CPU from 1994 to 2006. The processor also found acceptance outside of PCs, powering several generations of game consoles, including the Nintendo Wii and the Microsoft Xbox 360. It’s also a component of the Sony PlayStation 3's Cell processor.

7. AMD Opteron 240 (2003)
Breakthrough application: IBM server hardware

Developing computing technology is as much about change as anything else. So when it came time to move from the 32-bit world to the 64-bit world, Intel tried its hand with Itanium, a 64-bit processor that had 32-bit support. Unfortunately, the Itanium ran existing 32-bit code slowly.

Meanwhile, AMD was busy extending Intel's existing x86 instruction set to incorporate 64-bit support without any performance cost on 32-bit software. Known as "x86-64" or "AMD64," this instruction-set design premiered in the AMD Opteron 240. The design was so effective that Intel adopted it as well, incorporating the instruction set into all of the x86 processor lines except Itanium.

All desktop-PC microprocessors manufactured today use Opteron's x86-64 instruction set, and the standard will likely persist for many years to come.

6. Zilog Z80 (1976)
Breakthrough application: Radio Shack TRS-80 Model I

The 8-bit Z80 started out as an enhanced clone of the popular Intel 8080 CPU; but because the Z80 had better features for a lower price, it soon eclipsed the 8080’s popularity.

The Z80, teamed with the CP/M operating system, became the first multivendor computing standard. Much like Windows and x86 processors today, the CP/M-Z80 combo powered hundreds of business-computer models in the late 1970s and early 80s, perhaps the most popular of which was the Trash-80.

Like many processors, the Z80 has enjoyed a rich second life as an embedded processor in consumer electronics, powering the Nintendo Game Boy, the Sega Master System and other game consoles, as well as many Texas Instruments graphing calculators. Modern versions of the original 8-bit Z80 are still sold for embedded applications, making it one of the microprocessors with the longest continuous history of production.

6. Zilog Z80 (1976)
Breakthrough application: Radio Shack TRS-80 Model I

The 8-bit Z80 started out as an enhanced clone of the popular Intel 8080 CPU; but because the Z80 had better features for a lower price, it soon eclipsed the 8080’s popularity.

The Z80, teamed with the CP/M operating system, became the first multivendor computing standard. Much like Windows and x86 processors today, the CP/M-Z80 combo powered hundreds of business-computer models in the late 1970s and early 80s, perhaps the most popular of which was the Trash-80.

Like many processors, the Z80 has enjoyed a rich second life as an embedded processor in consumer electronics, powering the Nintendo Game Boy, the Sega Master System and other game consoles, as well as many Texas Instruments graphing calculators. Modern versions of the original 8-bit Z80 are still sold for embedded applications, making it one of the microprocessors with the longest continuous history of production.

6. Zilog Z80 (1976)
Breakthrough application: Radio Shack TRS-80 Model I

The 8-bit Z80 started out as an enhanced clone of the popular Intel 8080 CPU; but because the Z80 had better features for a lower price, it soon eclipsed the 8080’s popularity.

The Z80, teamed with the CP/M operating system, became the first multivendor computing standard. Much like Windows and x86 processors today, the CP/M-Z80 combo powered hundreds of business-computer models in the late 1970s and early 80s, perhaps the most popular of which was the Trash-80.

Like many processors, the Z80 has enjoyed a rich second life as an embedded processor in consumer electronics, powering the Nintendo Game Boy, the Sega Master System and other game consoles, as well as many Texas Instruments graphing calculators. Modern versions of the original 8-bit Z80 are still sold for embedded applications, making it one of the microprocessors with the longest continuous history of production.

3. Acorn Computers ARM2 (1986)
Breakthrough application: Acorn Archimedes (1987)

ARM originally stood for "Acorn RISC Machine," a name that reveals its heritage. ARM started as a simple, low-cost, 32-bit RISC (reduced instruction set computer) processor line designed by British computer maker Acorn Computers. It premiered in the form of the ARM2 in 1987's Acorn Archimedes, a 32-bit computer released only in the United Kingdom.

The Archimedes and its descendants fared well in the U.K., but never reached U.S. shores. However, the ARM architecture truly shone in its second life as an embedded microcontroller for consumer electronics, powering intelligent gadgets that hundreds of millions of people use every day. ARM processors have found their way into PDAs, cell phones, the Nintendo DS, iPods and iPhones, GPS units, digital cameras and much more. And they've done so by the billions, making ARM the most-used 32-bit embedded processor architecture of all time.

2. Intel 8080 (1974)
Breakthrough application: MITS Altair 8800 (1975)

Some people would say that the 8080 was the first "real" microprocessor, the first one well-suited to general-purpose computer use. This 8-bit CPU ignited the PC revolution as a part of the MITS Altair 8800, the first mass-produced personal-computer kit. The 8080's success quickly spawned competitors such as the Motorola 6800 and enhanced clones like the Z80, expanding the microprocessor's market potential. More important, the 8080 became the foundation of Intel's 80x dynasty of successors -- a long, proud line that includes the 8085, the 8086, the 8088 and chips beyond. The 8080's footprint on history is quite large indeed.

1. Intel 4004 (1971)
Breakthrough application: Busicom 141-PF Calculator (1971)

What microprocessor could be more influential than the first commercial model of all time? The 4004 was a 4-bit processor designed specifically for Busicom desktop calculators. It proved that a potentially wider market for microprocessors existed and it led Intel -- then a memory-chip manufacturer in search of a calling -- to its true destiny, that of a microprocessor innovator and a trendsetter for decades to come.

-- Benj Edwards, PC World

Source: MSN

24 September, 2009

Rapplez Game Features

Action Icons
Rappelz optionally provides the use of icons for actions, allowing them to be assigned to a hotkey. Some other actions may also be used through the use of icons (those available in the control window).

Lak and Chips
A Lak is magical energy from monsters and can be obtained by defeating monsters while wearing the appropriate necklace. This necklace will be available fairly early in the game. Gathered Lak can be consumed if the player dies, preventing him to lose experience points (the amount of Lak consumed increases with the level of the character), or can be traded at any Lak Trader for either chips or in-game currency, rupees. Lak Traders also provide the option to buy chips with rupees. However, it is more cost-efficient to obtain chips via Lak.

There are three types of chips: Force Chips, Soul Chips and Luna Chips. These chips are items that characters can use to significantly affect a battle by increasing the amount of damage the target takes for a limited amount of time. They come in different ranks which allow different levels of users to use chips. Force Chips increase physical damage, Soul Chips increase magical damage, Luna Chips affect both physical and magical damage, but cost slightly more than Force and Soul chips.

Items and Equipment
Equipment in the game have their own level and can level up by means of upgrading. Items that are able to do this display a section at the bottom of their status window showing the upgraded status effects, allowing players to know ahead of time the quality of the equipment. By visiting a Blacksmith, which is available in every town, players are able to upgrade their currently equipped (and upgradeable) equipment for a fee.

In addition, combinations of equipment with the appropriate enchantment cubes can further increase its potency, and as is the case with weapons, even be reflected graphically through a glow effect. This is called 'enchanting' an item. A weak weapon or armour can be formed into a stronger item without having to sell it and buy a new one. This can also substantially increase both the item's in-game market value. The only non-equipment item that can be enchanted is the skill card.

Items can also be improved by 'socketing' Soul Stones. This is done by visiting a Soulcrafter. Soul Stones are drop items that cannot be bought from any NPC. When socketed, they will increase one of the primary stats of one's character, if three conditions are met: the equipment with the Soul Stone is equipped, the Soul Stone's level is lower than or equals the character's level, and the Soul Power of the equipment is charged. Soul Power can be charged at the Soulcrafter of each town, and will be paid in Lak. Most equipment has two sockets for Soul Stones, however two-handed weapons have four.

Pet System
One of Rappelz's defining features is its Pet system. Pets are creatures that adventure alongside players, aiding them in battle. They come in many varieties, and can be made to fulfill numerous roles. Additionally, pets have many of the properties of player characters: they gain levels alongside their owners, learn different skills, and can make use of equipment.

Pets can be used by all races and classes: the only requirement being two skills, Summon Creature and Creature Control, which are available early in the game. The basic classes (Rogue, Guide and Stepper) and fighter classes have little emphasis on creatures through the availability of creature affecting skills while the others, especially summoner classes (Breeder, Spell Singer and Sorcerer) can affect creatures more greatly.

Pets are attained by taming a pet while having the appropriate card for that pet in the player's inventory. The three most basic pet cards can be bought in any town, while other cards are only found from defeated monsters. Once tamed, pets can be summoned and banished at will by their owners.

Upon reaching a certain level, pets can "evolve" to a different type. A pet evolves twice during its lifetime. Additionally, pets can learn skills at higher levels that allow them to be used as equipment, augmenting their owner's power. There is also a feature known as "overbreeding" which requires a somewhat longer time to achieve. Overbreeding grants pets more job points and stats than non-overbred pets. Overbreeding begins after a pet can evolve but not allowing the city tamer to evolve it. Generally if a pet is not Overbred, it is considered worthless to players wishing to buy a pet.

Current Pets
The Rappelz Reference Guide lists the pets in order of taming chance, using tiers. As of Epic 4, pets from tiers 1 through 3 are considered Basic, and tier 4 pets are considered Rare. Pet cards for pets from tier 1 can be purchased from NPCs, pet cards for tiers 2 through 4 are drop-only items (though sometimes they do appear in the Cash Shop as bonus items on special packages). tier 1, 2 and 3 are all listed as "basic" on their pet cards, however different drop rates and tame rates may put them into different tiers as shown below. Each pet has a specific 'Unity' which is a toggle self-buff for itself and its owner. The rarer the pet, the better its unity.

Tier 1 (Basic):
Pantera: A muscular tiger creature. It focuses on movement speed and physical attack. Its unity adds P.Atk.
Poultry: A large chicken creature. It focuses on attack speed and accuracy. Its unity adds Acc.
Tortus: A giant tortoise creature. It focuses on defense and high hp. Its unity adds P.Def.

Tier 2 ("Common"):
Red Pixie: A small red glowing fairy. It has very high magic (fire) damage capabilities but has low defenses. Its unity adds M.atk.

Orc: A green humanoid creature with high attack and defense. Its unity adds P.Atk and P.Def.
Blue Pixie: A small blue glowing fairy. Great healing abilities, but low defense. Its unity adds MP.Recov.

Siren: A beautiful humanoid female. It has abilities to debuff enemies. Its unity adds Acc and M.Acc.

Skeleton: A skeletal warrior. It has fast physical attacks and extraordinary damage-dealing capabilities. Its unity adds Atk Speed.

Yeti: A white yeti creature with a mask. It has remarkably high defense and health. Its unity adds P.Def

Wolf: A gray wolf. It has very high evasion. It's hp and mp are not very high. Its unity adds evasion.

Tier 3 ("Un-Common"):
Hawkman: A bird/human hybrid resembling an avian. Its skills and abilities focus on high physical attack and high physical defense. Its unity adds P.Atk and P.Def.
Salamander: A red bipedal fire-based lizard. Its skills and abilities are based around high damage dealing potential in both magical and physical areas. Its unity adds P.Atk and M.Atk

Harpy: A bird/human more resembling a winged archer. Its skills and abilities focus on high dexterity and p.atk, but low p.def. It also has very low HP and MP. Its unity adds attack speed.

Tier 4 (Rare):
Angel: An angel-like creature with wings. It focuses on healing with great defensive potential. It also bears several magic attacks of notable power. Its unity adds M.Atk and P.Def
Kentauros: A centaur equipped with a spear. Its strength lies in enormous physical attacks and fantastic damage-dealing potential. Its unity is P.Atk

Cerberus: A three-headed dog creature. It focuses on extremely powerful physical attacks and high attack speed. Its unity adds P.Atk and Acc.

Gnoll: A bipedal hyena creature, which focuses on good block rate and p.def. Its unity adds block chance, block power and also P.Atk.

Tier 5 (Unique):
White Dragon: An ice-themed dragon creature. White Dragons have higher defense and magic attack (and thus damage) than any other pet, making them simply "the best". They are also nearly unheard of in terms of rarity.

Mystic Koala: A koala type beast. Has the 2nd highest defense of all pets and boosts on the user's chance to score a critical hit. It is the only pet that can be obtained without having it tamed.

Purchased from the Ursa Caverns Shop Dealer for 1,000,000 Gen Points. This pet's unity increase does not increase the chance for more or better loot because luck is unrelated.

Rapplez The Story

The oldest race is the Gaia, and to assist them, the gods of Creation and Extinction brought two more races into the world. They were the Deva who represented the Light and the Asura who represented the Darkness. With this, there was a period of peace and stability in the world.
As the ages passed by, there was one among the Gaia who called herself "The Witch". Over time, she grew in tremendous power and with a ruthless ambition, rallied the people of Gaia to rebel against the world.

Not all the people of Gaia heeded this call, however, and the world was thrown into chaos. It was only through the combined efforts of the three races of Deva, Asura, and Gaia that "The Witch" was finally captured and burnt alive. It was a victorious outcome of a unity between the three races.

Now at the present time, the three races continue to co-exist with each other in the world of Rappelz but dark rumors have surfaced about the second coming of "The Witch" and the return of her terrible forces. The backstory plays a substantial role in the game itself.

Glorious History of Rapplez

The Open Beta version of Rappelz launched on October 2, 2006,[25] with two separate servers available: "Tortus" , the normal PvE server, and "Pantera", the more PvP/PK-oriented server. Those who had previously downloaded the Closed Beta version of Rappelz were not required to re-download the Rappelz client to play in Open Beta; however, extensive automatic patching was done by the client before Closed Beta players could enter Open Beta.

Closed Beta ended on September 26, 2006. Closed-beta characters were deleted at the beginning of Open Beta; however, characters created during Open Beta were not deleted prior to the game's release. Open Beta ended with the official release of the game on November 03, 2006.

There are currently seven servers in service namely, "Bahamut", "Tortus", "Yeti", "Lydian" and "Pantera (PVP).", "Salamander" and the newest (opened on August 14 2007) - "Tanda", named after the game's head Game Master.[citation needed] The US test server for Epic 4 testing was called "Siren".

Epic 3: Siege for Glory
The release candidate for Rappelz right after open beta.

Epic 4: Revolution
Rappelz Epic IV was released on July 27, 2007. The expansion included a complete skill revamp, changes to the pet system, the inclusion of a second job class, and many small tweaks to the system and graphics. However, the majority of bugs and issues reported in Epic III were not resolved and Epic IV introduced many new bugs including missing skills, broken skills and items/ descriptions not translated from original Korean.

Epic 5: Dragonic Age
The first part of this update went live on August 12, 2008 and contained:
two new pets, Pet skills and development changed/added, decorative pets have been added
new dungeon, new armors, weapons, cloaks and helmets
The second part released on October 15 2008 and brought:
two new dungeons, level limit raised to 170 new armor, weapons, and accessories
a new ridable mount (ornitho) for level 120+
job points were reset for all players

Epic 6: Navislamia
This update was released on the 20th of May 2009 and contained:
High level field area updates (Level 120+), new teleport routes
two new higher level dungeons and changes to dungeon monster drop rates and items
Some monsters can now detect stealthed players.

Three new pets added, Trainee Island updated, new quests, areas and dungeon

User Interface changed, keymapping enhanced, changes to donation system and ranking.

Rapplez The Online Multiplayer Game

Rappelz is a free-to-play massively multiplayer online role-playing game. The game is developed by the Korean company nFlavor, and published by the Californian company Gala-Net Inc. It is published in Europe by Gala Networks Europe in French, German, Polish and Turkish. As of October 2008, Rappelz was also being published by the South East Asia based game publishing company AsiaSoft, as RappelzSEA, however was later dropped by the company on September 1, 2009.
Rappelz is set in a medieval fantasy world, dominated by three races: the Deva, who represent light, the Asura, who represent darkness, and the Gaia, humans that possess an affinity with nature.
Each major installment of the game is referred to as an "Epic", similar to Lineage II's "Chronicles". The current installment is called "Epic 6: Navislamia".

14 September, 2009

How to Get Free Stuff

The best things in life are free. Atleast that is what mom always told us. The internet has given us all an advantage to getting free stuff, free samples, online coupons, free catalogs, and free magazines. All over the web you see websites with promotions, coupon codes, and other things claiming to give you "free" things. While sometimes these are honest offers, other times they are not so honest. The best way to tell if the free stuff you are getting is legit is to make sure that it does not ask you for any payment information. If the website wants your credit card or other billing information do not do it. It might not charge anything up front but later on may surprise you.

Things You'll Need:

Step 1
Some websites that offer great links to free stuff are:


These websites offer free stuff such as free samples, free magazines including free trials and full subscriptions, free catalogs, t-shirts, mouse pads, stickers, online coupons, and much more.

Step 2

If you have a teen who might be interested in getting some cool free stuff you might want them to check out www.teenfreeway.com but make sure you supervise which offers they are signing up for. Some of the offers here do require that you purchase something, while others are 100% free such as free magazines, cosmetic samples, and free catalogs.

Step 3

There is also www.freecycle.org which is an organization that is divided into seperate sections based on location. You are more than likely to find one in your area. This website is basically like a forum or group in which members post what they are giving away such as furniture, baby clothes, law mowers, coupons, etc. The really cool part is that if you are in need of something but your low on cash you can post a wanted ad and will most likely find someone who has what you are looking for and are willing to give it to you - for free! This free stuff is the best free stuff.

Step 4

Other than what I have mentioned above you can also get free stuff in the department stores with nice online coupons that you can get from the internet. Some people have become so involved in coupon hunting that it is a big part of their life. They have a proven organized method of using online coupons to save money each and every month up to hundreds of dollars.

Here are a few links to some great websites where you can find amazing online coupons that you can print right from home. Most stores accept printed coupons. When in doubt just go to Wal-Mart, that's where I always use mine.

www.hotcouponworld.com (My personal favorite.)

Step 5

When left with the question as to why use online coupons, why get free stuff, why take offers, there is only one answer. Why not. Free stuff is the best stuff and I may have developed an addiction myself, but I guarantee this one is healthy for you, your family, and your pocket book.

Make An Account on E-Currencies to Earn Payments

Liberty Reserve Alertpay


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